Routine foot care is critical for the prevention of diabetes related complications. Infection, ulceration or gangrene that may lead to amputation is often preventable through proper care and regular visits to a podiatrist.


One of the most common symptoms of diabetes is neuropathy, a condition that causes numbness, burning or tingling and diminishes sensation in the feet. Neuropathy is the impairment of nerve function due to decreased blood flow and increased blood sugars. Individuals suffering from neuropathy may not be able to feel open sores, infections or blisters that need to be treated.

Wound Healing

Ulceration, another common occurrence with the diabetic foot, should be carefully treated and monitored by a podiatrist to avoid amputations. Poorly fitted shoes or something as trivial as a stocking seam can create a wound that may not be felt by someone whose level of skin sensation is diminished. Left unattended, such ulcers can quickly become infected and lead to more serious consequences.

Your podiatrist knows how to treat and prevent these wounds and can be an important factor in keeping your feet healthy and strong.

Do's and Don'ts of Foot Care for Diabetics
If you have diabetes:


  • Wash and check your feet every day - look for sores, blisters, signs of infection or changes in your feet
  • Wear shoes and socks at all times, preferably thick, soft socks
  • Protect your feet from hot and cold
  • Keep the blood flowing to your feet
  • Cut toenails straight across
  • Exercise.
  • Lose weight
  • Give up smoking
  • Be properly measured and fitted every time you buy new shoes
  • Always wear properly fitting shoes to prevent injury and protect your feet
  • Visit your podiatrist on a regular basis


  • Go barefoot
  • Wear high heels, sandals or shoes with pointed toes
  • Drink in excess
  • Wear anything that is too tight around the legs
  • Remove calluses, corns or warts by yourself

People with diabetes should receive a thorough foot examination at least once a year to identify high-risk foot conditions. If you or someone you know has diabetes, please talk to your podiatrist about proper foot care and treatment.


The average person takes 8,000 to 10,000 steps each day on pavement, tiles, and other surfaces. With each step, a gravity induced pressure of about three to four times the body's weight bears down on each foot.